Fremont, California, is named for John Charles Frémont, an army officer and explorer who had a great interest in the area. The city is located in the area of one of the largest gold discoveries in the world. The California city was once a quiet agricultural community that was very self-sustaining.

The discovery of gold turned this quiet city into a booming area for gold miners. In 1848, miners in the Sierra Nevada Mountains started a general dig that would change the future of the entire area. Soon into their dig, they discovered gold, surprising the miners and setting them into pure excitement.

That discovery rapidly changed the whole area of Fremont from having a large agricultural interest into a “one stop shop” for miners arriving there. Gold continued to be found in the Sierra Nevada Mountains for many years, but it did not last as long as many of the residents had hoped.

As it turned out, over the years less gold was being found and the hype about the discovery was becoming a thing of the past. For a short time, the area became a resort for visitors to Fremont. Even though it was a great place to visit, Fremont once again turned into an agricultural community that provided foods for all the surrounding areas. Through the years, Fremont has been able to pull out of solely an agriculture community due to the revolution of the computer industry.

Fremont became one of the cities that was home to many high-technology companies. The area was perfect for their needs, as they were in a sloth from the gold rush and the properties they needed were selling at a low cost.

The increase in the type of industry in this region turned the area and surrounding areas into a technological boom. This increase in high-technology industry earned Fremont and surrounding cities the name of Silicon Valley.

Some of the major industries in the area include the manufacture of computers and computer equipment, along with the production of automobiles. Fremont is home to the only automobile manufacturing plant on the West Coast.

Along with large industries, Fremont is home to many fine educational institutes including a community college and an extension of the Berkeley campus of the University of California.

There are many attractions in Fremont such as parks, festivals, and wildlife refuges. Some these amazing attractions include the Ardenwood Farm Historical Park, the San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge and the Mission San José de Guadalupe, which is a replica of the mission founded by Franciscans in 1797. The Fremont Festival of the Arts is an annual event.


Fremont’s Quarry Lakes (left), Niles Canyon (center), Lake Elizabeth (right); I-880 (bottom) with Mowry interchange (bottom center) and Stevenson interchange (bottom right)

Nestled between the East Bay rolling hills and San Francisco Bay were five small independent towns—Centerville, Niles, Irvington, Mission San Jose, and Warm Springs—that combined and incorporated to form the city of Fremont in 1956. Six decades later, these places have greatly expanded, are no longer separate communities, and are considered districts or community plan areas of the more or less developed city of Fremont. The town of Newark declined to join Fremont, and is now an enclave of it. Since incorporation, Fremont has created six more districts, which it calls “community plan areas” for planning purposes. These include Central, North Fremont, South Fremont, and Bayside. The two other districts, Baylands and the Hill Areas, are primarily open space.


Primary and secondary schools

The Fremont Unified School District has five high schools for grades 9–12: American, Irvington, Kennedy, Mission San Jose and Washington. The 5,000 seat Tak Fudenna Stadium serves all five high schools as a venue for football, track, soccer and high school graduation ceremonies. These five high schools, along with James Logan High School in Union City and Newark Memorial High School in Newark, make up the Mission Valley Athletic League (M.V.A.L.).

The district has a continuation high school (Robertson); two independent study programs (Vista and COIL); an adult school; five junior high schools for grades 7–8 (Centerville, Hopkins, Horner, Thornton and Walters); and 29 elementary schools (K-6). The district operates the Mission Valley Regional Occupational Program jointly with Newark and New Haven Unified School Districts.

Fremont Christian School and Averroes High School in Fremont are not part of FUSD. California School for the Deaf, Fremont serves Northern California and shares a campus with the statewide California School for the Blind.

Colleges and universities

The Ohlone Community College District operates Ohlone College in Fremont, and a smaller campus in Newark. The University of Phoenix Bay Area Campus and Northwestern Polytechnic University offer undergraduate and graduate programs in technology and management areas. 42 offers free computer programming tuition in Fremont.


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